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Übersetzung für 'Cambodia' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Cambodia“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: situation in cambodia. Übersetzung für 'Cambodia' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.

In het zuidwesten van Cambodja ligt het Kravanhgebergte Cardamongebergte met als hoogste piek de Aoralberg van meter. Dit gebergte heeft een uitloper langs de kust tot aan de grens met Vietnam genaamd het Damreigebergte Olifantgebergte met pieken tussen de en meter.

De westelijke grens van Cambodja met Thailand wordt gevormd door een heuvelachtig gebied met toppen tot meter. Aan de noordelijke grens met Thailand liggen de steile Dongrekbergen met pieken tot meter, ook de Preah Vihear Tempel ligt in dit gebergte.

Cambodja bestond vroeger voor een groot gedeelte uit regenwoud. Aan de kust komt ook veel mangrovebegroeiing voor. De rest is in gebruik als akkerland.

Cambodja heeft een tropisch moessonklimaat. De gemiddelde temperatuur is ongeveer 30 graden. De temperatuur varieert van 10 graden in de koele maanden tot 45 graden in de zomer.

Cambodja kent twee moessons: De periode met de minste regenval is januari - februari. Cambodja is een zeer arm land en de economie draait zeer slecht door de vele oorlogen.

De economie van Cambodja lag volledig stil medio jaren tachtig. Het inkomen per hoofd is ook fors gestegen, maar Cambodja is nog steeds een arm land.

Het inkomen per hoofd is vergelijkbaar met die in Bangladesh en alleen Nepal was in nog significant armer. De overheid heeft in het algemeen een tekort op de begroting, maar de staatsschuld uitgedrukt als percentage van het bbp is nog steeds laag.

Het land heeft structureel een groot tekort op de lopende rekening en vooral de goederenbalans is sterk negatief. Het belangrijkste exportproduct is textiel en de grootste exportmarkt is de Verenigde Staten.

Naast producten voor de textielindustrie worden olie-en olieproducten veel ingevoerd. De dienstenbalans is positief en dit is vooral een gevolg van de vele toeristen die het land bezoeken.

Door de lage lonen is Cambodja een aantrekkelijke vestigingsplaats voor arbeidsintensieve bedrijven, zoals de textiel- en kledingindustrie.

Het land krijgt mede hierdoor forse investeringen vanuit het buitenland. De landbouw is een belangrijke sector. De nationale munt is de riel , maar de Amerikaanse dollar wordt ook in de praktijk veel gebruikt.

De wisselkoers tussen de twee munten is al jaren stabiel en schommelde, binnen zeer nauwe marges, rond de riel per dollar.

Het toerisme is de snelstgroeiende sector in de Cambodjaanse economie in de afgelopen jaren. Dit ondanks dat er door buitenlanders 30 Amerikaanse dollar betaald moet worden bij aankomst in Cambodja en er hoge toegangsprijzen voor monumenten zijn.

Ondanks deze groeipercentages staat de regering voor een grote uitdaging, zoals het gebrek aan scholing en de bijna totale afwezigheid van infrastructuur op het platteland.

De grote politieke rivaliteit tussen de partijen van Hun Sen , prins Norodom Ranariddh gesteund door koning Norodom Sihanouk en Sam Rainsy in combinatie met de overvloedige beschikbaarheid van oorlogstuig vormen een gevaar voor de stabiliteit van het land.

Tevens heerst er corruptie. Zo steekt een kring rond de corrupte regering miljoenen van de opbrengst uit de massale houtkap in eigen zak. Cambodja stond in op de e plaats, van de landen in totaal, op de lijst van meest corruptie landen.

De Cambodjaanse Volkspartij verloor dat jaar 22 zetels en kwam uit op 68 zetels. Een van de grote problemen van Cambodja is de instroom van Vietnamezen.

De Khmer Krom Khmer in zuidelijke Vietnam vormen daarbij een politiek probleem voor de regering.

Er heerst in Cambodja een sterk anti-Vietnamees sentiment. De Thais worden daarnaast beschouwd als kolonisator en de woede hierover is in januari door politici gebruikt om een grote hetze tegen Thaise bedrijven en instellingen op te wekken.

Onder andere de Thaise ambassade is toen afgebrand. Aids vormt een groot probleem; met een grote toename in het aantal gevallen in recente jaren.

Dit komt onder andere door de pertinente weigering van de Khmer-mannen om condooms te gebruiken bij het geslachtsverkeer en de grote rol die prostitutie speelt in de cultuur net als in Thailand en andere Aziatische landen waarbij het normaal is voor een man om al vanaf de puberteit regelmatig een prostituee te bezoeken.

Malaria vormt tevens probleem. Cambodja is vaak van naam veranderd. De Cambodjanen zelf noemen hun land Kampuchea, deze naam is afgeleid van het woord Kambu-ja.

Deze naam betekent letterlijk: Kambu is volgens een mythe de grondlegger van Cambodja. Deze mythe gaat zover terug als de 10e eeuw.

Sinds de onafhankelijkheid van Frankrijk in heeft Cambodja vele namen gekend:. De Rode Khmer veranderde de naam Cambodja in Kampuchea om op die manier definitief afscheid te nemen van het koloniale tijdperk.

De naam werd weer terugveranderd in Cambodja omdat de naam Kampuchea herinneringen oproept aan het regime van de Rode Khmer, en de regering daardoor geassocieerd werd met diens wreedheden.

Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie. Chandler History of Cambodia. Geraadpleegd op 28 december Overgenomen van " https: Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata Wikipedia: Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata Wikipedia: Weergaven Lezen Bewerken Geschiedenis.

Informatie Gebruikersportaal Snelcursus Hulp en contact Donaties. Keep me logged in. Connect with fellow Germans in Cambodia.

Get information in our Cambodia guide. Join exciting events and activities. Exchange tips about expat life in Cambodia. Home Cambodia Germans Cambodia.

InterNations has got local inside tips in store for any new place I want to explore on my own. Community Member only Community Member.

From Germany, living in Phnom Penh. Meet other Germans at our events in Cambodia Attend our monthly events and activities for Germans expatriates to get to know like-minded expatriates in real life.

Moving to Cambodia Despite the traces of war which are still visible, Cambodia has a lot to offer, and moving there is becoming an increasingly popular choice among expats.

Our guide gives an overview of Cambodia, including visas, expat destinations, and transportation. Destinations in Cambodia Local Transportation in Cambodia.

Living in Cambodia Settling down in Cambodia allows you to experience a diverse and fascinating country firsthand.

But living there can also be quite a challenge. We offer advice on healthcare, the housing search, and education, as well as an insight into religion and Khmer culture.

Working in Cambodia When working in Cambodia, a lot of things are often unclear to expats. The economy, the job search, social security, taxation, and work permits — all these aspects can be quite confusing.

Read our Expat Guide for advice on these topics concerning working in Cambodia. Work Permits, Tax and Social Security. Forum Posts by Germans in Cambodia Get trustworthy advice and local insights from fellow Germans in our Cambodia expat forums.

Receive Information and Tips about Cambodia from German Expats Obviously, embarking on expat life in Cambodia is not only about packing boxes and getting some paperwork done.

Browse our high-quality expat network to find like-minded expatriates from Germany in Cambodia. Receive and share advice in our Cambodia Expat Forums — e.

De dienstenbalans is positief en dit is vooral een gevolg van de vele toeristen die het land bezoeken. Cambodja is onderverdeeld in 23 provincies khett en een stedelijk gebied krong hoofdstad Phnom Penh. Aan de noordelijke grens met Thailand liggen de steile Dongrekbergen met pieken tot meter, ook de Preah Vihear Tempel ligt in dit gebergte. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Hundreds of jfdbrokers fled across the border into neighbouring Thailand. Diese Website verwendet eigene Cookies und Cookies von Dritten um die Nutzung unseres Angebotes felix neureuther hobbys analysieren, dein Surferlebnis zu personalisieren und dir welcome bonus slots Informationen zu präsentieren Erstellung von Nutzungsprofilen. Since Hound Hotel Slots - Play Microgaming Slot Machines for Free, the CPP commands all but four seats in Parliamentincluding all seats in the National Assembly and 58 online casino ohne einzahlung bonus erhalten 62 seats in the Senate. Religious institutions were not cambodia deutsch by the Khmer Rouge either. The neutrality of this section is disputed. The Khmer Rouge reached Phnom Penh and took power in Aan de kust free no deposit mobile casino ook veel mangrovebegroeiing voor.

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English Furthermore, Cambodia 's only independent radio station was closed with the charge of inciting riots. Zuerst in Südostasien, durch Thailand, Kambodscha , Burma. Integrated food security projects in South-East Asia Just three years after the launch of the integrated food security projects in Laos, Cambodia and Viet Nam, initial successes were already visible. Regrettably that has been demonstrated in Angola, Cambodia and Mozambique. Der Eintrag wurde Ihren Favoriten hinzugefügt. Doch dann bekam er einen Anruf:

This policy was perceived as humiliating by many Cambodians. In December Washington Post journalist Stanley Karnow was told by Sihanouk that if the US wanted to bomb the Vietnamese communist sanctuaries, he would not object, unless Cambodians were killed.

On 28 March a press conference was held and Sihanouk appealed to the international media: US support for the coup remains unproven.

The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces, desperate to retain their sanctuaries and supply lines from North Vietnam, immediately launched armed attacks on the new government.

The king urged his followers to help in overthrowing this government, hastening the onset of civil war. Soon Khmer Rouge rebels began using him to gain support.

However, from until early , the Cambodian conflict was largely one between the government and army of Cambodia, and the armed forces of North Vietnam.

As they gained control of Cambodian territory, the Vietnamese communists imposed a new political infrastructure, which was eventually dominated by the Cambodian communists now referred to as the Khmer Rouge.

Documents uncovered from the Soviet archives after reveal that the North Vietnamese attempt to overrun Cambodia in was launched at the explicit request of the Khmer Rouge and negotiated by Pol Pot 's then second in command, Nuon Chea.

The Khmer Republic's leadership was plagued by disunity among its three principal figures: Lon Nol remained in power in part because neither of the others was prepared to take his place.

In , a constitution was adopted, a parliament elected, and Lon Nol became president. But disunity, the problems of transforming a 30,man army into a national combat force of more than , men, and spreading corruption weakened the civilian administration and army.

The Communist insurgency inside Cambodia continued to grow, aided by supplies and military support from North Vietnam. Pol Pot and Ieng Sary asserted their dominance over the Vietnamese-trained communists, many of whom were purged.

At the same time, the CPK forces became stronger and more independent of their Vietnamese patrons. The government made three unsuccessful attempts to enter into negotiations with the insurgents, but by , the CPK were operating openly as divisions, and some of the NVA combat forces had moved into South Vietnam.

Lon Nol's control was reduced to small enclaves around the cities and main transportation routes. More than 2 million refugees from the war lived in Phnom Penh and other cities.

On New Year's Day , Communist troops launched an offensive which, in days of the hardest fighting of the war, collapsed the Khmer Republic.

Simultaneous attacks around the perimeter of Phnom Penh pinned down Republican forces, while other CPK units overran fire bases controlling the vital lower Mekong resupply route.

A US-funded airlift of ammunition and rice ended when Congress refused additional aid for Cambodia.

The Khmer Rouge reached Phnom Penh and took power in Led by Pol Pot , they changed the official name of the country to Democratic Kampuchea. The new regime modelled itself on Maoist China during the Great Leap Forward , immediately evacuated the cities, and sent the entire population on forced marches to rural work projects.

They attempted to rebuild the country's agriculture on the model of the 11th century, discarded Western medicine and destroyed temples, libraries, and anything considered Western.

Estimates as to how many people were killed by the Khmer Rouge regime range from approximately one to three million; the most commonly cited figure is two million about a quarter of the population.

Hundreds of thousands fled across the border into neighbouring Thailand. The regime disproportionately targeted ethnic minority groups.

The Cham Muslims suffered serious purges with as much as half of their population exterminated. Forced repatriation in and deaths during the Khmer Rouge era reduced the Vietnamese population in Cambodia from between , and , in to a reported 56, in Professionals, such as doctors, lawyers and teachers, were also targeted.

According to Robert D. Kaplan , "eyeglasses were as deadly as the yellow star " as they were seen as a sign of intellectualism.

Religious institutions were not spared by the Khmer Rouge either. Its arms came from Vietnam and the Soviet Union.

In opposition to the newly created state, a government-in-exile referred to as the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea CGDK was formed in from three factions.

Its credentials were recognised by the United Nations. The Khmer Rouge representative to the UN, Thiounn Prasith, was retained, but he had to work in consultation with representatives of the noncommunist Cambodian parties.

Peace efforts began in Paris in under the State of Cambodia , culminating two years later in October in a Paris Comprehensive Peace Settlement.

In July , Kang Kek Iew was the first Khmer Rouge member found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity in his role as the former commandant of the S21 extermination camp and he was sentenced to life in prison.

In August , a UN-backed war crimes tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia also known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal , sentenced Khieu Samphan, the regime's year-old former head of state, and Nuon Chea, its year-old chief ideologue, to life in prison on war crimes charges for their role in the country's terror period in the s.

The trial began in November The group's top leader, Pol Pot , died in It borders Thailand to the north and west, Laos to the northeast, and Vietnam to the east and southeast.

It has a kilometre mile coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. Cambodia's landscape is characterised by a low-lying central plain that is surrounded by uplands and low mountains and includes the Tonle Sap Great Lake and the upper reaches of the Mekong River delta.

Extending outward from this central region are transitional plains, thinly forested and rising to elevations of about feet metres above sea level.

Flowing south through the country's eastern regions is the Mekong River. East of the Mekong the transitional plains gradually merge with the eastern highlands, a region of forested mountains and high plateaus that extend into Laos and Vietnam.

In this remote and largely uninhabited area, Phnom Aural , Cambodia's highest peak rises to an elevation of 5, feet 1, metres.

The most distinctive geographical feature is the inundations of the Tonle Sap, measuring about 2, square kilometres 1, square miles during the dry season and expanding to about 24, square kilometres 9, square miles during the rainy season.

This densely populated plain, which is devoted to wet rice cultivation, is the heartland of Cambodia. Cambodia's climate, like that of the rest of Southeast Asia, is dominated by monsoons , which are known as tropical wet and dry because of the distinctly marked seasonal differences.

Southwest monsoons blow inland bringing moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Thailand and Indian Ocean from May to October. The northeast monsoon ushers in the dry season, which lasts from November to April.

The country experiences the heaviest precipitation from September to October with the driest period occurring from January to February. According to the International Development Research Center and The United Nations , Cambodia is considered Southeast Asia's most vulnerable country to the effects of climate change, alongside the Philippines.

Shortages of clean water, extreme flooding, mudslides, higher sea levels and potentially destructive storms are of particular concern, according to the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance.

Cambodia has two distinct seasons. Disastrous flooding occurred in and again in , with some degree of flooding almost every year.

Cambodia's biodiversity is largely founded on its seasonal tropical forests , containing some recorded tree species , and riparian ecosystems.

There are mammal species, bird species, reptile species, freshwater fish species Tonle Sap Lake area , and marine fish species recorded by science.

Much of this biodiversity is contained around the Tonle Sap Lake and the surrounding biosphere. It encompasses the lake and nine provinces: Cambodia has a bad but improving performance in the global Environmental Performance Index EPI with an overall ranking of out of countries in This is among the worst in the Southeast Asian region, only ahead of Laos and Myanmar.

The environmental areas where Cambodia performs worst i. Cambodia performs best when it comes to handling the nitrogen balance in the agricultural industry specifically, an area where Cambodia excels and are among the best in the world.

This secures Cambodia a better than average ranking of 61 in relation to biodiversity and habitat, even though illegal logging, construction and poaching are heavily deteriorating these protections and habitats in reality.

The rate of deforestation in Cambodia is one of the highest in the world and it is often perceived as the most destructive, singular environmental issue in the country.

The environmental degradation also includes national parks and wildlife sanctuaries on a large scale and many endangered and endemic species are now threatened with extinction due to loss of habitats.

There are many reasons for the deforestation in Cambodia, which range from opportunistic illegal loggings to large scale clearings from big construction projects and agricultural activities.

The global issue of land grabbing is particularly rampant in Cambodia. The deforestation involves the local population, Cambodian businesses and authorities as well as transnational corporations from all over the world.

Plans for hydroelectric development in the Greater Mekong Subregion , by Laos in particular, pose a "real danger to the food supply of Vietnam and Cambodia.

Upstream dams will imperil the fish stocks that provide the vast majority of Cambodia's protein and could also denude the Mekong River of the silt Vietnam needs for its rice basket.

The lake is unusual: It all but disappears in the dry season and then expands massively as water flow from the Mekong backs up when the rains come.

In the s, the Cambodian government and educational system has increased its involvement and co-operation with both national and international environmental groups.

In November , the U. National politics in Cambodia take place within the framework of the nation's constitution of The government is a constitutional monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative democracy.

The Prime Minister of Cambodia , an office held by Hun Sen since , is the head of government , while the King of Cambodia currently Norodom Sihamoni is the head of state.

The prime minister is appointed by the king, on the advice and with the approval of the National Assembly.

The prime minister and the ministerial appointees exercise executive power. Members of the seat Assembly are elected through a system of proportional representation and serve for a maximum term of five years.

The Senate has 61 seats, two of which are appointed by the king and two others by the National Assembly, and the rest elected by the commune councillors from 24 provinces of Cambodia.

Senators serve six-year terms. On 14 October , King Norodom Sihamoni was selected by a special nine-member Royal Throne Council , part of a selection process that was quickly put in place after the abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk a week prior.

Sihamoni's selection was endorsed by Prime Minister Hun Sen and National Assembly Speaker Prince Norodom Ranariddh the king's half-brother and current chief advisor , both members of the throne council.

He was enthroned in Phnom Penh on 29 October Officially a multiparty democracy, in reality "the country remains a one-party state dominated by the Cambodian People's Party and Prime Minister Hun Sen, a recast Khmer Rouge official in power since The open doors to new investment during his reign have yielded the most access to a coterie of cronies of his and his wife, Bun Rany.

Prime Minister Hun Sen has vowed to rule until he is His government is regularly accused of ignoring human rights and suppressing political dissent.

The election results were disputed by Hun Sen's opposition, leading to demonstrations in the capital. Demonstrators were injured and killed in Phnom Penh where a reported 20, protesters gathered, with some clashing with riot police.

Since , the CPP commands all but four seats in Parliament , including all seats in the National Assembly and 58 of 62 seats in the Senate. Hun Sen and his government have seen much controversy.

Hun Sen was a former Khmer Rouge commander who was originally installed by the Vietnamese and, after the Vietnamese left the country, maintains his strong man position by violence and oppression when deemed necessary.

Ranariddh was ousted and fled to Paris while other opponents of Hun Sen were arrested, tortured, and some summarily executed.

In addition to political oppression , the Cambodian government has been accused of corruption in the sale of vast areas of land to foreign investors resulting in the eviction of thousands of villagers [] as well as taking bribes in exchange for grants to exploit Cambodia's oil wealth and mineral resources.

Journalists covering a protest over disputed election results in Phnom Penh on 22 September say they were deliberately attacked by police and men in plain clothes, with slingshots and stun guns.

The violence came amid political tensions as the opposition boycotted the opening of Parliament due to concerns about electoral fraud.

Seven reporters sustained minor injuries while at least two Cambodian protesters were hit by slingshot projectiles and hospitalized. The level of corruption in Cambodia exceeds most countries in the world.

Despite adopting an 'Anti-Corruption Law' in , corruption prevails throughout the country. Corruption affects the judiciary, the police and other state institutions.

Favouritism by government officials and impunity is commonplace. Lack of a clear distinction between the courts and the executive branch of government also makes for a deep politicisation of the judicial system.

Examples of areas where Cambodians encounter corrupt practices in their everyday lives include obtaining medical services, dealing with alleged traffic violations, and pursuing fair court verdicts.

Companies deal with extensive red tape when obtaining licenses and permits, especially construction related permits, and the demand for and supply of bribes are commonplace in this process.

The Anti-Corruption Law provided no protection to whistle-blowers, and whistle-blowers can be jailed for up to 6 months if they report corruption that cannot be proven.

Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country [] including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union EU , Japan, and Russia.

While the violent ruptures of the s and s have passed, several border disputes between Cambodia and its neighbours persist. There are disagreements over some offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam and undefined maritime boundaries.

Cambodia and Thailand also have border disputes, with troops clashing over land immediately adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple in particular, leading to a deterioration in relations.

Most of the territory belongs to Cambodia, but a combination of Thailand disrespecting international law, Thai troop upbuild in the area and lack of resources for the Cambodian military have left the situation unsettled since Cambodia and China have cultivated ties in the s.

Cambodia's diplomatic support has been invaluable to Beijing's effort to claim disputed areas in the South China Sea. The introduction of a revised command structure early in was a key prelude to the reorganisation of the Cambodian military.

This saw the defence ministry form three subordinate general departments responsible for logistics and finance, materials and technical services, and defence services under the High Command Headquarters HCHQ.

Banh has served as defence minister since In , the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces comprised about , active personnel , reserve. The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia total more than 7, personnel.

Its civil duties include providing security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organised crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

Hun Sen has accumulated highly centralised power in Cambodia, including a praetorian guard that 'appears to rival the capabilities of the country's regular military units', and is allegedly used by Hun Sen to quell political opposition.

The Cambodian legal profession was established in By , due to the Khmer Rouge regime, the entire legal system was eradicated.

Judges and lawyers were executed after being deemed "class enemies" and only 6—12 legal professionals actually survived and remained in the country.

A US State Department report says "forces under Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party have committed frequent and large-scale abuses, including extrajudicial killings and torture, with impunity".

Forced land evictions by senior officials, security forces, and government-connected business leaders are commonplace in Cambodia. Land has been confiscated from hundreds of thousands of Cambodians over more than a decade for the purpose of self-enrichment and maintaining power of various groups of special interests.

Credible non-governmental organisations estimate that ", people have been adversely affected by land grabbing covering at least four million hectares nearly 10 million acres of land that have been confiscated", says Paris-based International Federation for Human Rights FIDH.

The autonomous municipality reach thani and provinces khaet of Cambodia are first-level administrative divisions. Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces including the autonomous municipality.

Municipalities and districts are the second-level administrative divisions of Cambodia. The provinces are subdivided into districts and 26 municipalities.

The districts and municipalities in turn are further divided into communes khum and quarters sangkat. Cambodia graduated from the status of a Least Developed Country to a Lower Middle Income country in the same year Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors.

Rice , fish, timber, garments and rubber are Cambodia's major exports. Based on the Economist, IMF: Annual average GDP growth for the period — was 7.

Tourism was Cambodia's fastest growing industry, with arrivals increasing from , in to over 2 million in In , inflation was at 1.

Cambodia Poverty Assessment ", the World Bank concludes: Moreover, household consumption increased by nearly 40 percent. And this growth was pro-poor—not only reducing inequality, but also proportionally boosting poor people's consumption further and faster than that of the non-poor.

As a result, the poverty rate dropped from However, the majority of these people escaped poverty only slightly: The success story means the Southeast Asian nation that overcame a vicious civil war now is classified as a lower-middle income economy by the World Bank Group WBG.

Among 69 countries that have comparable data, Cambodia ranked fourth in terms of the fastest poverty reduction in the world from — See more details of Cambodia's achievements on poverty reduction.

The poverty rate fell to 10 percent in , and further reduction of poverty is expected for both urban and rural households throughout — However, human development, particularly in the areas of health and education, remains an important challenge and development priority for Cambodia" [].

Oil and natural gas deposits found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters in yield great potential but remain mostly untapped, due in part to territorial disputes with Thailand.

The National Bank of Cambodia is the central bank of the kingdom and provides regulatory oversight to the country's banking sector and is responsible in part for increasing the foreign direct investment in the country.

Between and the number of regulated banks and micro-finance institutions increased from 31 covered entities to over 70 individual institutions underlining the growth within the Cambodian banking and finance sector.

One of the largest challenges facing Cambodia is still the fact that the older population often lacks education, particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure.

Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid, although there has been significant aid from bilateral and multilateral donors.

Cambodia ranked among the worst places in the world for organised labour in the International Trade Union Confederation ITUC Global Rights Index, landing in the category of countries with "no guarantee of rights".

A law was necessary to rein in the country's unions, Van Sou Ieng said. According to GMAC, last year there were 3, unions for the more than , workers employed in the country's garment and textile exporting factories, and 58 footwear factories.

Though garment production is already Cambodia's largest industry, which accounts for Those who criticize [the law] should do businesses, and [then] they will understand.

The programme engages with workers, employers and governments to improve working conditions and boost competitiveness of the garment industry. The members of the PAC concurred with the findings of the evaluation related to the impact the programme has had on the Cambodian garment sector and workers, including: The tourism industry is the country's second-greatest source of hard currency after the textile industry.

Other tourist destinations include Sihanoukville in the south west which has several popular beaches and the sleepy riverside town of Battambang in the north west, both of which are a popular stop for backpackers who make up a large of portion of visitors to Cambodia.

Tourism has increased steadily each year in the relatively stable period since the UNTAC elections; in there were , international tourists, and in there were 2,, international tourists.

Most of the tourists were Japanese, Chinese, Filipinos, Americans, South Koreans and French, said the report, adding that the industry earned some 1.

Chinese-language newspaper Jianhua Daily quoted industry officials as saying that Cambodia will have three million foreign tourist arrivals in and five million in Tourism has been one of Cambodia's triple pillar industries.

The Angkor Wat historical park in Siem Reap province, the beaches in Sihanoukville and the capital city Phnom Penh are the main attractions for foreign tourists.

Cambodia's reputation as a safe destination for tourism however has been hindered by civil and political unrest [] [] [] and multiple high-profile examples of serious crime perpetrated against tourists visiting the Kingdom.

Cambodia's tourist souvenir industry employs a lot of people around the main places of interest. Obviously, the quantity of souvenirs that are produced is not sufficient to face the increasing number of tourists and a majority of products sold to the tourists on the markets are imported from China, Thailand and Vietnam.

Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of GDP in and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force.

Rice is the principal commodity. Major secondary crops include maize , cassava , sweet potatoes , groundnuts , soybeans , sesame seeds , dry beans, and rubber.

The principal commercial crop is rubber. In the s it was an important primary commodity, second only to rice, and one of the country's few sources of foreign exchange.

The civil war and neglect severely damaged Cambodia's transport system. With assistance from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to international standards and most are vastly improved from Most main roads are now paved.

Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about kilometres miles of single, one-metre 3-footinch gauge track. Trains are again running to and from the Cambodian capital and popular destinations in the south.

Cambodia's road traffic accident rate is high by world standards. In , the number of road fatalities per 10, vehicles was ten times higher in Cambodia than in the developed world, and the number of road deaths had doubled in the preceding three years.

Cambodia's extensive inland waterways were important historically in international trade. The Mekong and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the Tonle Sap provided avenues of considerable length, including 3, kilometres 2, miles navigable all year by craft drawing 0.

Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, located at the junction of the Bassac , the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap rivers, is the only river port capable of receiving 8, ton ships during the wet season and 5,ton ships during the dry season.

With increasing economic activity has come an increase in automobile use, though motorcycles still predominate. Cyclos are unique to Cambodia in that the cyclist is situated behind the passenger s seat, [] as opposed to Cycle rickshaws in neighbouring countries where the cyclist is at the front and "pulls" the carriage.

Cambodia has three commercial airports. Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the largest and serves the most international flights in and out of Cambodia.

The other airport is in Sihanoukville. As of [update] , Cambodia has an estimated population of 15,, people. Cambodia's birth rate is Its population growth rate is 1.

Fifty percent of the Cambodian population is younger than 22 years old. The total fertility rate in Cambodia was 3. Cambodia's population is largely homogeneous.

Its minority groups include Chams 1. The Khmers historically have lived near the lower Mekong River in a contiguous diagonal arc, from where modern-day Thailand, Laos and Cambodia meet in the northwest, all the way to the mouth of the Mekong River in southeastern Vietnam.

The Vietnamese are the second largest ethnic minority in Cambodia, with an estimated 16, living in provinces concentrated in the southeast of the country adjacent to the Mekong Delta.

Although the Vietnamese language has been determined to be a Mon—Khmer language, there are very few cultural connections between the two peoples because the early Khmers were influenced by the Indian cultural sphere while the Vietnamese are part of the Chinese cultural sphere.

Ethnic tensions between the Khmer and the Vietnamese can be traced to the Dark Ages of Cambodia from the 16th to 19th centuries , during which time a nascent Vietnam and Thailand each attempted to vassalise a weakened post-Angkor Cambodia, and effectively dominate all of Indochina.

Chinese Cambodians are approximately 0. Most are urban dwellers, engaged primarily in commerce. The indigenous ethnic groups of the mountains are known collectively as Montagnards or Khmer Loeu , a term meaning "Highland Khmer".

They are descended from neolithic migrations of Mon—Khmer speakers via southern China and Austronesian speakers from insular Southeast Asia.

Being isolated in the highlands, the various Khmer Loeu groups were not Indianized like their Khmer cousins and consequently are culturally distant from modern Khmers and often from each other, observing many pre-Indian-contact customs and beliefs.

The Cham are descended from the Austronesian people of Champa , a former kingdom on the coast of central and southern present-day Vietnam and former rival to the Khmer Empire.

The Cham in Cambodia number under a million and often maintain separate villages in the southeast of the country. Almost all Cham in Cambodia are Muslims.

The Khmer language is a member of the Mon—Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French , once the language of government in Indochina , is still spoken by many older Cambodians, and is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France.

There is also a French-language newspaper and some TV channels are available in French. Cambodia is a member of La Francophonie.

Cambodian French , a remnant of the country's colonial past, is a dialect found in Cambodia and is sometimes used in government, particularly in court.

However, since , there has been a growing use of English, which has been replacing French as the main foreign language. English is widely taught in several universities and there is also a significant press in that language, while street signs are now bilingual in Khmer and English.

The Khmer script is derived from the South Indian Pallava script. Religion in Cambodia []. Theravada Buddhism is the official religion of Cambodia, practised by more than 95 percent of the population with an estimated 4, monastery temples throughout the country.

Key concepts in Cambodian Buddhism include reincarnation , and religious activities are focused on acquiring bonn Pali punna , merit , and erasing kamm Pali kamma , karma , which, for Khmers, means the negative results accrued from past actions.

Key concepts deriving from animism include the close interrelationship between spirits and the community, the efficacy of apotropaic and luck-attracting actions and charms, and the possibility of manipulating one's life through contact with spiritual entities such as the "baromey" spirits.

Hinduism has left little trace beyond the magical practices of Tantricism and a host of Hindu gods now assimilated into the spirit world for example, the important neak ta spirit called Yeay Mao is the modern avatar of the Hindu goddess Kali.

Mahayana Buddhism is the religion of the majority of Chinese and Vietnamese in Cambodia. Elements of other religious practices, such as the veneration of folk heroes and ancestors, Confucianism , and Taoism mix with Chinese Buddhism are also practised.

Cambodian life expectancy was 72 years in , [] a major improvement since when the average life expectancy was Cambodia's infant mortality rate has decreased from per 1, live births in to 54 in In the same period, the under-five mortality rate decreased from to per 1, live births.

Cambodia was once one of the most landmined countries in the world. According to some estimates, unexploded land mines have been responsible for over 60, civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is responsible for establishing national policies and guidelines for education in Cambodia.

The Cambodian education system is heavily decentralised, with three levels of government, central, provincial and district — responsible for its management.

The constitution of Cambodia promulgates free compulsory education for nine years, guaranteeing the universal right to basic quality education.

The Cambodian census estimated that The education system in Cambodia continues to face many challenges, but during the past years there have been significant improvements, especially in terms of primary net enrolment gains, the introduction of program based-budgeting, and the development of a policy framework which helps disadvantaged children to gain access to education.

The country has also significantly invested in vocational education , especially in rural areas, to tackle poverty and unemployment. Traditionally, education in Cambodia was offered by the wats Buddhist temples , thus providing education exclusively for the male population.

Education has also suffered setbacks from child labour , A study by Kim reports that most employed children in Cambodia are enrolled in school but their employment is associated with late school entry, negative impacts on their learning outcomes, and increased drop out rates.

With respects to academic performance among Cambodian primary school children, research showed that parental attitudes and beliefs played a significant role.

The study further found that "length of residence" of parents in the community in which they stay predicted better academic achievement among their children.

Overall, the study pointed out to the role of social capital in educational performance and access in the Cambodian society in which family attitudes and beliefs are central to the findings.

In , Cambodia had a murder rate of 6. Prostitution is illegal in Cambodia but yet appears to be prevalent. In a series of interviews of women about prostitution, three quarters of the interviewees found being a prostitute to be a norm and a profession they felt was not shameful having.

Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism , Hinduism , French colonialism , Angkorian culture , and modern globalisation.

Cambodian culture not only includes the culture of the lowland ethnic majority, but also some 20 culturally distinct hill tribes colloquially known as the Khmer Loeu , a term coined by Norodom Sihanouk to encourage unity between the highlanders and lowlanders.

Rural Cambodians wear a krama scarf which is a unique aspect of Cambodian clothing. The sampeah is a traditional Cambodian greeting or a way of showing respect to others.

Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the Khmer empire , has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture, which have been exchanged with neighbouring Laos and Thailand throughout history.

Angkor Wat Angkor means "city" and Wat "temple" is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture from the Angkorian era along with hundreds of other temples that have been discovered in and around the region.

Traditionally, the Khmer people have a recorded information on Tra leaves. Tra leaf books record legends of the Khmer people, the Ramayana, the origin of Buddhism and other prayer books.

They are taken care of by wrapping in cloth to protect from moisture and the climate. Bon Om Tuuk Festival of Boat Racing , the annual boat rowing contest, is the most attended Cambodian national festival.

Popular games include soccer, kicking a sey, which is similar to a footbag , and chess. Based on the classical Indian solar calendar and Theravada Buddhism, the Cambodian New Year is a major holiday that takes place in April.

Recent artistic figures include singers Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Serey Sothea and later Meng Keo Pichenda , who introduced new musical styles to the country.

During the day festival, people offer prayers and food to the spirits of their dead relatives. For most of the Cambodians, it is a time to remember their relatives, who died during Khmer Rouge regime.

Rice is the staple grain, as in other Southeast Asian countries. Fish from the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers is also an important part of the diet.

The cuisine of Cambodia contains tropical fruits, soups and noodles. Key ingredients are kaffir lime , lemon grass , garlic, fish sauce , soy sauce , curry , tamarind , ginger , oyster sauce , coconut milk and black pepper.

The country also boasts various distinct local street foods, such as fried spiders. French influence on Cambodian cuisine includes the Cambodian red curry with toasted baguette bread.

The toasted baguette pieces are dipped in the curry and eaten. Cambodian red curry is also eaten with rice and rice vermicelli noodles.

Probably the most popular dine out dish, kuy teav , is a pork broth rice noodle soup with fried garlic, scallions , green onions that may also contain various toppings such as beef balls , shrimp , pork liver or lettuce.

Kampot pepper is reputed to be the best in the world and accompanies crab at the Kep crab shacks and squid in the restaurants on the Ou Trojak Jet river.

Cambodians drink plenty of tea, grown in Mondulkiri Province and around Kirirom. When it's dark enough, the tea is decanted into another cup and plenty of sugar added, but no milk.

Lemon tea tai kdao kroich chhmaa , made with Chinese red-dust tea and lemon juice, is refreshing both hot and iced, and is generally served with a hefty dose of sugar.

Regarding coffee, the beans are generally imported from Laos and Vietnam — although domestically produced coffee from Ratanakiri Province and Mondulkiri Province can be found in some places.

Beans are traditionally roasted with butter and sugar, plus various other ingredients that might include anything from rum to pork fat, giving the beverage a strange, sometimes faintly chocolatey aroma.

Cambodia has several industrial breweries, located mainly in Sihanoukville Province and Phnom Penh. There are also a growing number of microbreweries in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Rice wine is a popular alcoholic drink. Its quality varies widely and it is often infused with fruits or medicinal herbs.

Khmer women are traditionally expected to be modest, soft-spoken, well-mannered, [] industrious, [] act as the family's caregivers and caretakers [] and financial controllers, [] maintain their virginity until marriage, become faithful wives, [] and act as advisors to their husbands.

Football soccer is one of the most popular sports, although professional organised sports are not as prevalent in Cambodia as in western countries because of the economic conditions.

Soccer was brought to Cambodia by the French and became popular with the locals. Western sports such as basketball, volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, golf, and baseball are gaining popularity.

InterNations helps you meet and interact with other Germans in Cambodia, living in Phnom Penh, Battambang, Banlung and many other places across the country.

Just take a look at our group of Germans in Phnom Penh. Additionally, you are cordially invited to participate in our regular expat events and activities taking place in Cambodia.

Our events cover various interests and range from a small expat dinner to enjoy the traditional Cambodian amok trey, to big expat get-togethers with hundreds of guests in Phnom Penh's top locations.

You may also join one of our expat excursions for a weekend trip to visit the Cardamom and Elephant Mountains, the mighty Mekong River, and other impressive landmarks across Cambodia.

This way, our events and activities are a very nice occasion to meet fellow expats from Germany and around the world in a casual atmosphere.

Log in Join now Log in Email. Keep me logged in. Connect with fellow Germans in Cambodia. Get information in our Cambodia guide.

Join exciting events and activities. Exchange tips about expat life in Cambodia. Home Cambodia Germans Cambodia.

InterNations has got local inside tips in store for any new place I want to explore on my own. Community Member only Community Member. From Germany, living in Phnom Penh.

Meet other Germans at our events in Cambodia Attend our monthly events and activities for Germans expatriates to get to know like-minded expatriates in real life.

Moving to Cambodia Despite the traces of war which are still visible, Cambodia has a lot to offer, and moving there is becoming an increasingly popular choice among expats.

Our guide gives an overview of Cambodia, including visas, expat destinations, and transportation. Destinations in Cambodia Local Transportation in Cambodia.

Living in Cambodia Settling down in Cambodia allows you to experience a diverse and fascinating country firsthand.

But living there can also be quite a challenge. We offer advice on healthcare, the housing search, and education, as well as an insight into religion and Khmer culture.

Working in Cambodia When working in Cambodia, a lot of things are often unclear to expats.

Improperly stored and out-of-date weapons, ammunition and explosives endanger the civilian population of Cambodia. Bitte besuche unsere Cookie Bestimmungen um mehr zu erfahren, auch dazu, wie du Cookies deaktivieren und der Bildung von Nutzungsprofilen widersprechen kannst. Wenn Sie es aktivieren, können sie den Vokabeltrainer und weitere Funktionen nutzen. Kambodscha , Malaysia und Laos kann man auf dem Landweg nach Thailand einreisen. English It is now the turn of Cambodia to restore the former situation. In der gleichen Zeit stieg der Reisertrag in dem kambodschanischen Projektgebiet um 40, in Vietnam um 66 und in Laos sogar um 85 Prozent. English In Cambodia alone, it is estimated that a staggering 8 to women and children could be caught up in the sex trafficking industry. Stone conservation in Angkor With support from GIZ, Cambodia is developing a competent national body that will be able to carry out the necessary stone conservation and restoration work to preserve the temples of the Angkor national heritage site in the future. English He was a committed advocate of the rights of Cambodia 's garment workers. Senden Sie uns gern einen neuen Eintrag. A total of national personnel and 91 international staff work there for GIZ.

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