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There is also a well established Chinese Muslim community gya kachee , which traces its ancestry back to the Hui ethnic group of China.
Tibetan representations of art are intrinsically bound with Tibetan Buddhism and commonly depict deities or variations of Buddha in various forms from bronze Buddhist statues and shrines, to highly colorful thangka paintings and mandalas.
Tibetan architecture contains Chinese and Indian influences, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist wheel , along with two dragons, can be seen on nearly every Gompa in Tibet.
The design of the Tibetan Chörtens can vary, from roundish walls in Kham to squarish, four-sided walls in Ladakh. The most distinctive feature of Tibetan architecture is that many of the houses and monasteries are built on elevated, sunny sites facing the south, and are often made out of a mixture of rocks, wood, cement and earth.
Little fuel is available for heat or lighting, so flat roofs are built to conserve heat, and multiple windows are constructed to let in sunlight.
Walls are usually sloped inwards at 10 degrees as a precaution against the frequent earthquakes in this mountainous area. Standing at metres feet in height and metres 1, feet in width, the Potala Palace is the most important example of Tibetan architecture.
Formerly the residence of the Dalai Lama , it contains over one thousand rooms within thirteen stories, and houses portraits of the past Dalai Lamas and statues of the Buddha.
It is divided between the outer White Palace, which serves as the administrative quarters, and the inner Red Quarters, which houses the assembly hall of the Lamas, chapels, 10, shrines, and a vast library of Buddhist scriptures.
The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in India, Bhutan , Nepal and further abroad.
First and foremost Tibetan music is religious music , reflecting the profound influence of Tibetan Buddhism on the culture. Tibetan music often involves chanting in Tibetan or Sanskrit , as an integral part of the religion.
These chants are complex, often recitations of sacred texts or in celebration of various festivals. Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables.
Other styles include those unique to the various schools of Tibetan Buddhism, such as the classical music of the popular Gelugpa school, and the romantic music of the Nyingmapa , Sakyapa and Kagyupa schools.
Nangma dance music is especially popular in the karaoke bars of the urban center of Tibet, Lhasa.
Another form of popular music is the classical gar style, which is performed at rituals and ceremonies. Lu are a type of songs that feature glottal vibrations and high pitches.
There are also epic bards who sing of Gesar , who is a hero to ethnic Tibetans. Tibet has various festivals that are commonly performed to worship the Buddha [ citation needed ] throughout the year.
Losar is the Tibetan New Year Festival. Preparations for the festive event are manifested by special offerings to family shrine deities, painted doors with religious symbols, and other painstaking jobs done to prepare for the event.
Tibetans eat Guthuk barley noodle soup with filling on New Year's Eve with their families. The Monlam Prayer Festival follows it in the first month of the Tibetan calendar , falling between the fourth and the eleventh days of the first Tibetan month.
It involves dancing and participating in sports events, as well as sharing picnics. The most important crop in Tibet is barley , and dough made from barley flour—called tsampa —is the staple food of Tibet.
This is either rolled into noodles or made into steamed dumplings called momos. Meat dishes are likely to be yak , goat, or mutton , often dried, or cooked into a spicy stew with potatoes.
Mustard seed is cultivated in Tibet, and therefore features heavily in its cuisine. Yak yogurt , butter and cheese are frequently eaten, and well-prepared yogurt is considered something of a prestige item.
Butter tea is very popular to drink. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about ethno-cultural Tibet.
For the administrative region, see Tibet Autonomous Region. For other uses, see Tibet disambiguation. History of European exploration in Tibet and Foreign relations of Tibet.
Mongol conquest of Tibet and Tibet under Yuan rule. Phagmodrupa Dynasty , Rinpungpa , and Tsangpa. Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming dynasty.
The Khoshut Khanate , — Tibet in during the Qing dynasty. Chinese expedition to Tibet and Tibet under Qing rule.
History of Tibet —present. List of populated places in the Tibet Autonomous Region. List of Tibetan dishes. Tibet portal China portal. Retrieved 15 September A Case Study from Western Tibet, — , The closest it has ever come to such recognition was the British formula of China and the Tibetans".
Robin [alias of a young Tibetan in Qinghai] described the region as a cauldron of tension. Tibetans still were infuriated by numerous arrests in the wake of the protests.
But local Tibetans had not organized themselves. There is no leader. When a leader appears and somebody helps out they will all join. In one village, Tibetans burned their Chinese flags and hoisted the banned Tibetan Snow Lion flag instead.
They will hate the government. The New York Times. Festschrif in Honour of Nicholas Sims-Williams , eds. Harrassowitz, , Archived from the original on April 11, Baptist Mission Press, Extract from "The Yar Lun Dynasty" , in: The History of Tibet , ed.
The Origin of the Tibetan Kingdom , in: China's Ancient Tea Horse Road. Royal Asiatic Society , pp. China's Tibet Policy , pp.
Archived September 9, , at the Wayback Machine. History of Independence and Occupation. Dharamsala, LTWA, , p. Marine Corps Command and Staff College.
The Search for the Panchen Lama. Governing China's Multiethnic Frontiers. University of Washington Press. Minority Rights Group International.
Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. Archived from the original on July 2, Retrieved March 26, Archived from the original on January 18, Translated by Captain Henderson.
Archived from the original on June 8, Archived from the original on August 31, Retrieved 10 January Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved December 31, Archived from the original on July 30, A Short History of Buddhism.
A History of Modern Tibet: Volume 2 The Calm before the Storm, — University of California Press. Lhasa in the Seventeenth Century: The Capital of the Dalai Lamas.
History and Particulars Delhi: Cosmo Publications, , pp. Alston Rivers , , p. Zhongguo Zangxue chubanshe, , p.
See Zaoqi Chuanjiaoshi jin Zang Huodongshi, esp. Reprint Cosmo Publications, New Delhi. Archived from the original on June 26, Nijhoff, , pp.
Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved February 15, Retrieved February 21, The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of Modern Tibet, — The Snow Lion and the Dragon: The Making of Modern Tibet.
Trespassers on the Roof of the World: The Secret Exploration of Tibet J. The Tibetans Blackwell Publishing.
The Story of Tibet: Conversations with the Dalai Lama Grove Press. The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: Tibetan Civilization Stanford University Press.
The High Road to China: Duel in the Snows: The Power-Places of Central Tibet: The Autobiography of a Tibetan Monk. Tibet and the British Raj: The Frontier Cadre — Norbu, Thubten Jigme; Turnbull, Colin Its History, Religion and People.
Pachen, Ani; Donnely, Adelaide The Journey of a Tibetan Warrior Nun. History of the Establishment of Chinese Protectorate in Tibet.
Rabgey, Tashi; Sharlho, Tseten Wangchuk Lessons and Prospects PDF. Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Searching for Shangri-La from the Himalayas to Hollywood.
History and Polemics PDF. Robert Thurman on Tibet. Van Walt van Praag, Michael C. The Status of Tibet: History, Rights, and Prospects in International Law.
A Tibetan Trek of Faith. The Historical Status of China's Tibet. Find more about Tibet at Wikipedia's sister projects. Timeline List of rulers European exploration Historical money.
Tibetan autonomous areas , as designated by China. Tibet Autonomous Region , within China. Chinese-controlled, claimed by India as part of Aksai Chin.
Indian -controlled, parts claimed by China as South Tibet. This article contains Tibetan alphabet.
Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Tibetan characters.
Overviews Timeline List of rulers European exploration Historical money. Outline Index Category Portal.
Under vissa perioder innan kan man enligt vissa källor betrakta Tibet som ett brittiskt protektorat. Efter en kortvarig brittisk militär expedition i Tibet ingicks dock avtal mellan Qing, Storbritannien och Ryssland om att Tibet tillhörde Kina.
I ett avtal mellan Kina och Storbritannien lovade Storbritannien att inte annektera tibetanskt territorium eller blanda sig i administrationen av Tibet.
Ingen som helst jäsning är märkbar" [ 9 ]. Tibets status under perioden — har varit mycket omstridd. Det resulterade bland annat i kartor över stora delar av Tibet, böcker och ett stort antal volymer med vetenskaplig dokumentation.
Enligt samma källa var dock det engelska inflytandet minst lika stort som det kinesiska efter Englands militära expedition till Lhasa Svensk Uppslagsbok , tryckt , nämner att England och Ryssland i ett fördrag av erkände Kinas överhöghet över Tibet.
Andra världskriget och inbördeskrig i Kina bidrog till att Tibet var mycket isolerat under och talet.
Men — försämrades relationerna avsevärt. I mars spreds ett rykte i Lhasa om att kineserna tänkte mörda Dalai lama.
De vilda protesterna utanför Norbulinka ledde till att samarbetet mellan Dalai lama och Kinas centralregering rasade helt. Han tog sin tillflykt till Indien och grundade i Dharamsala en exilregering och ett exilsamhälle.
Kinas regering gjorde nu ett fullständigt maktövertagande. Den här artikeln handlar om det historiska landet Tibet. För autonoma regionen Tibet i dagens Kina, se Autonoma regionen Tibet.